Intergenerational Index
The Grandfriends Project -- A Program Creating Friendships Across the Generations Martin Kimeldorf, the author

CD-ROM & Online Research

These tips are specifically written for Chapter 8 in the student workbook.

This project is based on using a CD-ROM with research information on it. You may want to conduct your online search first and know what will show up for a given keyword.

In the example cited in the workbook, the material comes from magazines, with topics you can search on by category or keywords. The references and notes should be kept for later use in a final report. The following information pertains to surfing or searching on the Internet and it may be reproduced for students.


Information is compiled by different individuals and companies. When you just want to browse around in a category such as "aging" or "gerontology," you may want to use what is called a directory. However, when you want to search for specific topics such as "aging" and "population" to find out trends, then you'll probably want to use an Index or search engine.

Directories--Good for browsing in general

Files their documents into categories, like a library system. You can look for items in related categories like "health" and "medicine." Then within each category are subject-categories you can browse or search in. These sources try to cover the most popular items. Use these when you want to find anything or everything related to your topic.

Search Engines or an Index--Good for finding specific items or topics

Full text files are referenced, and when you search, it looks for key words in both the title and the contents. These sources try to cover everything. Use these when you want to find a specific topic like treatments for HIV.

Search Tools

Internet Search & Surf Techniques

The following strategies can be used as "search" principles when requesting information on the Internet's World Wide Web.

  1. When Your URL Web Address Won't Connect
    -- Simplify it.
    • Delete everything after the last "slash" in the URL for example, if this page hadn't loaded, you'd remove GFP_H.html and try accessing the subdirectory:
    • Remove additional subdirectories (contained between each pair of slashes) and try to find what you're looking for by searching in the index (or table of contents) on that site.

  1. When Your Search Results In Only A Few Findings ("Hits")
    --Simplify & Use Synonyms
    • Simplify Word Forms: Use the singular form or the simplest form of the word without suffixes. Turn "Careers" into Career or "Aging" into Age.
    • Use lower case instead of CAPITAL letters: Try elder care instead of "Elder Care."
    • Try synonyms: For "careers" try occupations; for "Aging" substitute Geriatric.

  1. When You Get Too Many "Hits"
    --Give More Details
    • Use up to 3 or 4 keywords to narrow the topic Some search engines assume the word "and" is between your keywords. Others may assume the word "or" between keywords. If you try more than one word and get too many then add the word "and" (or a plus sign) between key words as in Aging and Education.
    • Place the most important word first and add a plus sign (+) which eliminates any document without that first essential word.
    • If you want a phrase as your keyword as in Coffee Cappuccino then enclose it in quotes so it looks for the two words together "Coffee Cappuccino." Otherwise, it finds documents with both or either words and you get too many. This may be helpful when searching for items by an author as in "Stephen King"
    • If you find too many extraneous items, search for words which are throwing it off. Remove these key words from your entry or put a minus (-) before the word which is like a NOT command.
    • Watch capitalization. Using all lower case is more inclusive. If you want a specific proper noun, then correctly capitalize it as in George Washington.

Tips For Using Letters or E-mail To Find Advice or Information

You can often get useful advice from the person running a web site which is often listed at the top or bottom of a web page. Other times, this person is listed as the "webmaster." When you can't find information you need, E-mail the person telling who you are, what you are working on, and how the person can help you. Keep the letter short.

  1. If you respond to someone, quote a few lines so they know what you're talking about.

  2. Avoid humor, sarcasm, or put downs unless you indicate it is humor.

Intergenerational Index   next page arrow

Martin Kimeldorf,
© 1999
All Rights Reserved.
Amby Duncan-Carr,
page designer
Material from both THE GRANDFRIENDS PROJECT, A Program Creating Friendships Across The Generations and the companion piece, PROJECT LEADER'S GUIDE FOR THE GRANDFRIENDS PROJECT, A Program Creating Friendships Across The Generations is reproduced here with the permission of the publisher, Fairview Press. Printing or downloading a single copy of this document for personal use is permitted; teachers may reproduce this document for use in a single classroom, only. Transmission in any form or further duplication is prohibited without the express written consent of the author. In addition, any use of the document code, itself, requires the written permission of the web page designer.

Kimeldorf Bibliography
Amby's Resources
Kimeldorf Autobiography

© 1999   Amby Duncan-Carr   All Rights Reserved.

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